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The Committee in its first assembly, amongst others, resolved to incorporate D.C.P Traffic, Howrah and Director, Public Vehicles Department, (P.V.C) Kolkata as a member thereby making it a perfect mix of the authorities immediately concerned with the issues in problem and eminent Scientists who’re consultants within the subject. It can therefore, be firmly concluded that the recommendations made by the Committee is a result of broad consultations amongst them bearing in mind the factors of view and the perception of both the State Government and the consultants. PM2.5 is taken into account to be the worst air polluter. WBPCB measured this parameter at two stations till 2015, and, considering the visitors density and migration profile, has increased two more stations in Kolkata.

The date of entry and exit from the city be monitored by adopting measures to share data amongst the Check Posts arrange at the entry points. Any vehicle plying inside the twin city limits registered exterior its territorial limits shall not be permitted to remain in the metropolis past a period to be specified which shall not in any case be a couple of week.

The WBPCB ought to explore the possibility to integrate Kolkata and Howrah twin city with National AQI alert system. This research may be conducted by a national level company, which has the expertise and expertise in conducting such research. The final Report of the Expert Committee was submitted on 24th February, 2016. We document our appreciation of the fact that the Committee has handled the matter in meticulous detail in making ready the report which would function an information base for the concerned authorities, notably the Departments of Transport and Environment as well the WBPCB, in dealing with matters associated with ambient air within the cities of Kolkata and Howrah.

Further to this the two CAAQM stations at Victoria and RBU could have PM2.5 set up by this yr and the new stations at Science City, BITM and Sector V in Kolkata and Ramkrishna Mission University, Belur and Padmapukur Water Works in Howrah may have comparable installations. The analysis in this relation is provided at Annexure-2 eleven.The Committee suggested that the WBPCB ought to discover possibility of displaying the air high quality knowledge in electronic show boards on the strategic locations in Kolkata and Howrah together with the web site on regular foundation. The Principal Secretary, Department of Transport, Govt. of West Bengal is granted four https://cryptolisting.org/ weeks time to submit a report on further variety of AETCs to be set up in Howrah and Kolkata based mostly on actual survey to be able to be sure that the automobile homeowners do not face any difficulty to verify their autos once in six months as per existing rules. The transport division may also be sure that all these additional AETCs are set up within three months and become operational.

After these AETCs turn out to be operational, the Tribunal will think about whether or not linking the PUC with purchase of fuel from accredited gas retailers shall be helpful to stop air pollution from cars. Centre of Science and Environment, New Delhi of their residents report on air high quality and mobility in Kolkata published in 2011 has discussed many sides of air air pollution https://www.binance.com/ in Kolkata & Howrah based mostly on the survey/studies made as much as 2009. The report reveals that contribution of road mud and car motion contribute to 32% of the air pollution and out of 9 areas, nitrogen dioxide was in crucial level in seven locations and high in two whereas PM10 was important in three places and excessive in 4 locations.

This was also the stand of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India which was added as Respondent No.7 vide order dated 1st September, 2015 contemplating the universality of the malaise in the complete nation. The direction was issued with the item of linking PUC/AETC Certificates with fuelling of autos on the petrol pumps on the precept of No PUC, No Fuel as a regulatory measure. Vide order dated 24th February, 2015 related record was additionally looked for in respect of the areas falling under KMDA.

It is also noted by us that in getting ready the final report, order of this Tribunal dated 19.01.2016 was also considered, aside from phrases of reference set out within the order dated 17.eleven.2015. It has additionally inter alia been observed that in winter, concentration of those https://cex.io/ was higher within the evening than day time and, that the phenomenon are reversed through the summer season months because of climate situations. On sixth May, 2015, we directed the Commissioner of Police of Kolkata and Howrah and the Principal Secretary, Transport Dept.

Analysis of air quality knowledge reveals that whereas the night time concentrations in Kolkata and Howrah are higher than the day time focus in winter time, the phenomena is reserved through https://cryptolisting.org/coin/ors the summer season months. This occurs as a result of change in climate conditions.


In Kolkata almost 65% of all autos and 99% of economic automobiles are diesel run which emit poisonous carcinogens. Kolkata has earned the notoriety as diesel capital of India.

  • It has additionally inter alia been noticed that in winter, concentration of these was greater within the night than day time and, that the phenomenon are reversed in the course of the summer season months as a result of climate situations.
  • They are directed to file an affidavit in respect of number of vehicles checked till 31.12.2015, number of autos without legitimate PUC out of the whole automobile checked & steps taken against such non-complaint car homeowners.
  • On sixth May, 2015, we directed the Commissioner of Police of Kolkata and Howrah and the Principal Secretary, Transport Dept.
  • West Bengal to check each automobile plying in twin cities for valid PUC certificates and take steps and measure towards the vehicles owners who’re working their autos without legitimate PUC.
  • 6.It is also the contention of the parties that most of the machines in AETCs remain non- practical and certificates are issued without any verify in change of payment.
  • It can also be famous by us that in getting ready the final report, order of this Tribunal dated 19.01.2016 was additionally taken into consideration, aside from terms of reference set out within the order dated 17.11.2015.

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The Member Secretary, PCB and the Principal Secretary Transport Department shall submit proposal within 4 weeks an affidavit computerisation of AECTs and connecting them to a centralised server for monitoring. They are additionally directed to make shock examine of the AETCs units and impose heavy penalty on the house owners for violation when it comes to issuing certificate manipulating the information or maintaining the system non-practical without prior intimation. respondents as per todays order are available to us.

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This, of course, is left to be determined by the concerned authority. (v) The Air Quality Index (AQI) is a crucial first step for improving air quality in city areas as it leads to enchancment in public awareness on local pollution levels and associated health advisories. For instance, the AQI identifies sensitive populations that ought to take special precaution together with individuals with asthma, lung ailments and heart illness. It additionally alerts folks to make daily lifestyle adjustments on excessive severity days. Accordingly to guard residents from air air pollution, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India just lately launched a National Air Quality Index (AQI) alert system for major cities that notifies the general public about air air pollution levels and related health dangers.

Sometimes the readings are manipulated within the centre to issue a sound certificate. This type of manipulation or issuing certificates even though the autos do not comply to the standard is basically as a result of absence of fixed monitoring by the Pollution Control Board/Transport department. Such downside could be resolved if the system of all the AETCs are related to the central server where the activities of all of the centres shall be monitored.

West Bengal to check each car plying in twin cities for valid PUC certificate and take steps and measure in opposition to the autos house owners who’re working their automobiles without legitimate PUC. They are directed to file an affidavit in respect of variety of automobiles checked till 31.12.2015, number of automobiles without bitm)ors valid PUC out of the total vehicle checked & steps taken in opposition to such non-complaint car owners. 6.It can also be the contention of the events that a lot of the machines in AETCs remain non- practical and certificates are issued without any examine in exchange of fee.

The Pollution Control Board shall acquire data from the Traffic Department about the number of completely different category of autos running on such excessive air pollution contributing routes and the committee primarily based on such data will counsel the correct movement of vehicles in these routes to be able to keep away from congestion, hereby lowering pollution https://beaxy.com/. On submission of such list by the WBPCB, on 25th February, 2015 the Auto Emission Testers Association, on their application, was impleaded as Respondent No. 5 granting them depart to file reply to the original utility. While the Auto Emission Testers Association, Respondent No. 5 objected to rising the number of PUC/AETC Centres within the metropolis of Kolkata, the West Bengal Petroleum Dealers Association on their part asserted that the concept of NO PUC, NO FUEL was impracticable for various causes.

The report additionally discusses the mobility crisis as sixty five% of the arterial roads in Kolkata are congested. Interestingly the vast majority of Kolkata citizens who experience the air pollution downside need a change. Many suggestions have been made in every side to fight the air air pollution degree. Compliance report on engagement of company to undertake the work be filed within 4 weeks & report of businesses inside three months.

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The State Pollution Control Board shall provide to the Committee the recent air pollution data from ambient air together with morning and evening data collected from different places of twin cities of Kolkata and Howrah and likewise the quantity and placement of air pollution monitoring stations (both manual and automatic). In order to make sure strict monitoring and to implement compliance of the regulation, the division of Transport in collaboration with State police shall be sure that such vehicles enter the cities solely on production of PUC certificates, and on payment of prescribed entry fee.

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